What is APA?APA is an acronym for the American Psychological Association. When discussing citation methods, APA refers to a method developed by this organization to give credit to sources used in a paper. There are lots of rules when citing, so we’ve created an APA in-text citation guide to help.
Where are APA Citations Used?The APA citation method is used mainly in papers written for social science disciplines. Such disciplines include sociology, psychology, economics and other behavior-oriented sciences. While the APA citation format is most common in these disciplines, it can be used in other ones as well. It’s always a good idea to ask your professor’s preference for citations is if it is not in the assignment rubric. Other standard citation methods include MLA and Chicago. APA in-text citations are used any time a writer includes a source in his or her paper. They should be added immediately following a direct quotation or paraphrase of the source material. The APA citation format allows readers to understand the source of information consistently.
How Important is it to Cite Properly?It is crucial to cite sources properly. Failing to do so results in plagiarism, which is a major offense in college and universities across the globe. Plagiarizing may lead to not only a zero for the assignment but expulsion from the university. Citing sources properly may seem tedious, but it’s quite simple if you use an APA citation guide. The up to date Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is in its 6th edition. It clearly outlines how to create citations for dozens of possible sources – from a magazine article to an interview.
What Does APA Citation Look Like?Great question! There are two components to proper APA citation: in-text citations and reference citations. In-text citations directly follow the source material within the APA style paper to give credit to the author. Reference citations appear in the dedicated section and provide all the necessary data for the reader to pursue further study. To properly cite sources, you’ll need some key pieces of information. The citation method of each source differs, which is why following the APA Publication Manual is so important. The source’s title, author, and publication date are just a few of the elements required.
Need a hand with your paper? HandMadeWritings is a top-notch custom essay writing service. We provide help with all the possible academic papers and disciplines!When drafting a paper, it’s a good idea to use an APA in-text citation guide as you go along. Doing so prevents you from accidentally misattributing sources later. In-text citations are relatively easy. They require the author’s name and the publication details.
APA In-Text Citation FormatIn-text citations are relatively easy. They require the author’s name, publication year of the information, page number and the title. After incorporating a direct quotation (source material word-for-word) or paraphrasing (condensing source material into your own words), an in-text citation should directly follow: “Direct quotation sentence”(Author’s last name, year) or “paraphrase” (Author’s last name, year) Example: (Smith, 2011) If the work has two authors, the citation would appear like this: (Smith & Roxup, 2011) If the work has up to five authors, use the ampersand between all names. For more than five authors, use the lead author’s name followed by et al. Example: (Smith et al., 2011). If the source is on a single page, use p. 23. If the source is on multiple pages, use pp. 23-43. Now, let’s cover the variety of APA citation use cases.
General APA Citation Format ConventionsLet’s break down APA citation a little further.
Structuring Authors in APA
Structuring Publication Date in APA
Structuring Titles in APA
Structuring Publication Information in APA
Structuring Publisher in APA
Structuring Online Sources in APA
Online Source Example: Retrieved from www.diabetes.org/are-you-at-risk/Online Journal Article Example: DOI: and/orEJ1103945
APA Citation Examples
Here is how in-text citations look when being applied to different types of sources.
Format: Author’s last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Title of book.
Example: Smith, H.M. (2003). The benefits of owning a dog.
Format: Author’s last name, first initial, middle initial. (year published). Title of book. Retrieved from URL.
Example: Gundry, S.R. (2017). The plant paradox. Retrieved from http://www.ebooks.com/2646578/theplant-paradox/gundry-steven-r-m-d/.
Online Journal Articles
Format: Author’s last name, first initial. Middle initial. (publication date). Title or article. Title of journal, volume number (issue number), page range. Doi:——————
Example: Smith, D.A. (2015). Cognitive behavioral therapy for depression in children with autism. Psychology Today, 15 (3), 45-52. DOI: 10.3323/w.2341-2015.09143.x
Format: Author’s last name, first initial. Middle initial. (publication date). Title or article or page. Retrieved from URL.
Example: Angeli, E., Wagner, J., Lawrick, E., Moore, K., Anderson, M., Soderlund, L., & Brizee, A. (2010, May 5). General format. Retrieved from http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/
Format: Editor’s last name, first initial. Middle initial. (Ed.). (Year published). Title of edited book. Location: Publisher.
Example: Jameson, J.H. (Ed.). (2011). Understanding your relationship. New York: HarperCollins.
Chapters in Edited Books
Format: Chapter author’s last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year published). Chapter Title. In Editor’s First initial. Middle initial Last Name (Ed.), Title of book (page number(s)) Location: Publisher.
Example: Jones, M.K. (1998). Going home. In E.W. Brickingstock (Ed.), Tales of wayward immigrants (pp. 30-51). Philadelphia, PA: Random House.
Newspapers Found Online
Format: Author’s Last name, First initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month Day). Article Title. Newspaper Title. Retrieved from URL
Example: Bennington, M.Q. (2016, June 12). Uncertain politics in trying times. The New York Times. Retrieved from https://nyti.ms/3vbuW92
Formatting a Paper Using APA GuidelinesThe APA lists guidelines when formatting a research paper. These formatting guidelines should be followed when drafting and before turning in the final paper:
- Use Times New Roman 12 point font
- Double Space the entire paper
- Create 1-inch margins
- Indent every paragraph using the Tab key
APA Reference Page FormatThe APA Reference page follows the research paper. Its purpose is to provide a complete list of sources appearing in the APA style paper. Additionally, it should include sources used to gather research but may not be cited.
Not sure how to format your research paper? Our expert writers know how to handle such tasks in an excquisite manner. Check out our research paper writing service to get proper help!All APA citations should be entered alphabetically according to the author’s last name. If a source does not have an author, use the title. If the paper used sources by the same author, order the reference entries by publication year.
General APA RequirementsThe APA further specifies the order in which aspects of the paper should be organized. They are as follows:
- Title page
- Research paper
- Reference List
- Page for tables (optional)
- Page for figures (optional)
- Appendices page (optional)