10 October, 2021

13 minutes read

Author:  Kate Smith

100 Engineering Research Paper Topics

Engineering is one of the most interesting areas of expertise, yet it’s one of the hardest ones to study and write about. The majority of students who pursue this major struggle with writing papers and getting high grades for them. Therefore, we decided to create this guide to help you understand what is expected from you when your instructor assigns engineering topics. Also, you will find out how to choose the right topic, make it understandable and easy to find references to, and write your paper fast. Besides this, we will provide you with the top 100 engineering research topics that you can use for your homework.

Engineering Research Paper Topics

Engineering is one of the most interesting areas of expertise, yet it’s one of the hardest ones to study and write about. The majority of students who pursue this major struggle with writing papers and getting high grades for them. Therefore, we decided to create this guide to help you understand what is expected from you when your instructor assigns engineering topics. Also, you will find out how to choose the right topic, make it understandable and easy to find references to, and write your paper fast. Besides this, we will provide you with the top 100 engineering research topics that you can use for your homework.

What Is an Engineering Research Paper?

Before we give you ideas on the best engineering topics, let’s find out the definition of an engineering research paper first. This is a substantial academic work that falls into the scope of a certain engineering major and discusses how the theoretical principles of engineering work in practice. Such papers are written by students, scholars, and researchers who either do it as part of their research project or as a final paper to defend an academic degree.

The distinctive features of engineering papers are accuracy, novelty, and practicality since they are written to be applied in the respective field of engineering later, e.g. construction, drug production, electricity supply, software development, etc. Therefore, such papers should contain a practical side that allows to check the credibility of research done by a student or a scholar.

Writing engineering papers is important not only due to their potential application to real-life construction and technology, but also to develop the students’ understanding of how the whole process of invention, production, and usage of a certain technology is done. Thus, by writing a paper on engineering topics, you can understand your future profession better and gain the necessary knowledge of communication with contractors, customers, and colleagues.

A Quick Guide to Choosing the Right Topic

Now that you know what an engineering paper is, it’s time to find out how to choose the best topic for it. Below, you can find effective tips on how to embark on the most interesting and relevant topic for writing:

  1. Discover major trends in your future field of expertise. Before you are given any homework assignment or a research paper topic to write, consider checking trends and news that fall into the scope of your major. For instance, if you are going to become a specialist in mechanical engineering, consider reading news and visiting events for automotive, CAD, control, and maintenance engineers to understand how the industry works. Once you start doing it a few times per month, coming up with the best mechanical engineering topics for writing will not be a problem for you;
  2. Read the relevant literature. Remember about reading spcialized magazines or online publications from time to time. Doing this will broaden your professional outlook and provide you with interesting insights to study, research, and write about;
  3. Understand your interests. What was the reason for choosing engineering as your profession? What position do you want to apply for after graduation? Where do you want to intern before getting a degree? Answering these questions will help you detect the most interesting topics covered by your study program and choose the respective engineering topics for writing essays and papers;
  4. Ask your instructor to choose the topic on your own. You can always ask your professor for permission to opt for a topic from the list of topics of mechanical engineering or other disciplines if you want to. If your professor requires you to write on a given topic only, consider the next tip;
  5. Reshape the given topic. If you have ideas for improving or modifying the given topic, don’t be afraid to discuss them with your instructor. They will appreciate your creative approach and desire to write an original paper;
  6. Create the topic yourself. Finally, if you are given total academic freedom, feel free to formulate your paper topic on your own. To make your brainstorming process more productive, write as many engineering topics as possible. Then, choose a few that you like the most, and edit them. Finally, visit your instructor’s office with a few engineering topics listed for approval of one of them.

Here are examples of engineering paper topics to choose from. Consider picking those topics that are already covered by your study program.

engineering research paper topics

20 Mechanical Engineering Research Topics

  1. The mechanical engineering background role in the study of robotics.
  2. The role of structural analysis in mechanical engineering.
  3. Improvement in manufacturing via implementation of new mechanical theories.
  4. A parabolic solar cooker: design and performance evaluation.
  5. Kaplan hydraulic turbines: design and analysis of performance.
  6. The development of pedal-powered water pumping machines.
  7. The design and development of a low-cost biomass briquette machine.
  8. The development of a fire-tube steam boiler for laboratories.
  9. The design and development of a pedal powered washing machine for low-income communities.
  10. How to design a night vision camera for a mobile surveillance robot?
  11. The usage of the Internet of Things for an irrigation monitoring and control system.
  12. How to design a performance appraisal system for an industrial plant?
  13. The development of a road pothole detection robot: methods and challenges.
  14. Advanced engineering materials: Key to Millennium Development Goals in Third-World Countries.
  15. The detailed evaluation of natural gas potentials in the economic development of North European countries.
  16. How to process activated Carbon from agricultural waste?
  17. Case study: energy consumption and demand in Bayside High School, Queens, NY.
  18. The role of mechanical engineering in modern medicine.
  19. The reduction of energy costs through the usage of solar panels: the solution for developing countries.
  20. What is the global effect of gas flaring?

20 Biomedical Engineering Research Topics

Before choosing any topic on the list, be sure to check whether it falls in the scope of your subject. The following biomedical engineering topics are intended for college as well as Master’s students:

  1. How to measure the blood glucose level based on blood resistivity?
  2. How to design a programmed Oxygen delivery system?
  3. The design of a central medical waste recycling plant: pros and cons.
  4. The real-time heart sounds recognition tool development: the breakthrough in treating heart conditions.
  5. How to develop a management program for a clinical engineering department?
  6. The expert system design for diagnosing pulmonary tuberculosis.
  7. Artificial neural networks usage in diagnosing breast cancer.
  8. Prediction of kidney failure: how to realize it with artificial neural networks?
  9. Using gold nanoparticles in designing a detector for vaccine containers.
  10. Statistical methods in heartbeat rate variability analysis.
  11. How to develop a model to inspect medical devices in health facilities?
  12. The challenges of implementation of a non-invasive malaria detection system.
  13. The development of an inspection protocol for imported medical devices: problems and solutions.
  14. The role of nanotechnologies in biomedical engineering.
  15. The modern neural technology: the current advancements and the potential of the field.
  16. Medical virtual reality and its potential effectiveness for treating patients.
  17. The impact of computational biology on our lives.
  18. Technology-fueled medications: is there any future for them?
  19. The usage of early diagnosis systems in treating heart illnesses.
  20. How can nanotechnologies be used in creating cancer vaccines?

20 Electrical Engineering Research Topics

  1. Quantifying the cost of an unplanned outage at Astoria East Energy – CC1 and CC2 Power Station.
  2. How to design and produce an electronic siren?
  3. The impact of scientific changes of the 19th century on modern engineering.
  4. How to implement solar technologies in the life of modern cities?
  5. The ways to save energy costs through setting up automated systems.
  6. How can city authorities improve on energy distribution?
  7. The usage of semiconductor topology: peculiarities and challenges.
  8. The design and development of an automated street lighting system.
  9. Developing battery charging control for the system of wind energy generation.
  10. Th comparative analysis of the most effective ways of testing power systems.
  11. Storing power in ion batteries: challenges, peculiarities, and potential.
  12. Measuring the most accurate ways to forecast electric loads for cities.
  13. Globalization and energy distribution: challenges and prospects for developing countries.
  14. Kenya Electricity Industry: Current Problems and Solutions.
  15. The renewable energy potentials in African countries.
  16. The ways of using the Internet of Things in developing modern electricity industries.
  17. Sustainable future and alternative sources of power: evaluation and predictions.
  18. The evaluation of modern US hybrid distributed energy systems performance.
  19. Modeling of core loss in an induction machine.
  20. Design and development of the monitoring system for a robotic arm.

The electrical engineering topics presented above can be used for Bachelor’s and Master’s projects; however, consider narrowing down the topic you choose if you have written similar papers before.

20 Topics on Civil Engineering

  1. Fire risk assessment of Atlanta construction companies.
  2. How to create models for predicting the compressive strength of concrete?
  3. The usage of concrete alternatives as a way to cut expenditures for cities.
  4. Natural disasters prevention: the steps for rural communities.
  5. The biggest infrastructure challenges for Nigeria and their solutions.
  6. The distribution of water to dry areas in Cape Verde.
  7. The impact of civil engineering on the life level in the 20th century.
  8. The role of road planning in building sustainable city life.
  9. The ancient building principles in modern civil engineering: the importance of past experience.
  10. Developing smart housings as a way to build a sustainable city.
  11. How to measure sustainability in the context of urban water management in North Asia?
  12. The ways to manage the outcomes of the volcano eruption in modern cities.
  13. The impact of stress and anxiety on the productivity of construction workers in Latin America.
  14. Analytical investigation of using concrete alternatives in Oregon, USA.
  15. The analysis of the effective methods of geometric design of highways.
  16. Water resources management in Burkina Faso.
  17. Legal rules for the development of infrastructure in Mexico.
  18. The green concrete research: potentials and challenges.
  19. The new water governance solutions for Eastern European countries.
  20. The importance of dewatering in construction work.

20 Software Engineering Topics

  1. Evaluating strategies for optimizing password management against hacker attacks.
  2. Data mining ways for industrial safety improvement in Nevada, USA.
  3. The relevance of automatic speech recognition for the development of a lock door security system.
  4. The application of artificial neural networks for diagnosing human eye diseases.
  5. Development of an Android app with an anti-theft car tracking system.
  6. The design and development of a smart traffic control system for metropolises.
  7. The implementation of an automated parking lot system.
  8. The challenges for data security in online trading systems.
  9. The pros and cons of using chatbot technologies for ensuring customer satisfaction.
  10. Does society need to rethink the extent to which we interact with computer technologies?
  11. The pros and cons of using different programming languages in the context of changing working places.
  12. The ways for a user to evaluate the quality of a mobile app.
  13. The improvement of databases in the last twenty years.
  14. How to improve the weather forecasting systems with modern software?
  15. The evaluation and improvement of Argentina railway tracking systems.
  16. The design of a low-cost health monitoring system for hospitals.
  17. Using the latest software advancements for teaching primary school students.
  18. The methods of increasing online security in university campuses’ online networks.
  19. User strategies for optimization of electronic books memory capacity.
  20. Development of a secure contact payment system for Chad cities.


Now that you are familiar with the most up-to-date engineering topics, we suggest that you choose at least three for your next assignment. Don’t forget to contact your instructor to reach agreement on the topic you like the most, and start working on it according to our tips at the beginning of this guide. Remember: every topic from our list can be elaborated according to your discipline and year of study.

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